Does my new outbuilding need building regulations approval?

24.02.2021
Blog Post

With the increase in people working from home during the pandemic, it seems a useful time to revisit the topic of building regulations and small detached buildings, especially those that are to be constructed in domestic settings as home offices, workshops and other uses.

As a rule, the construction of any new building is likely to be work that is controlled under the building regulations. However, there might be cases where some small, detached buildings can be treated as exempt from them. Previous LABC articles have touched on exempt or garden buildings, but here we’ll discuss small detached buildings in a little more depth.

Under the building regulations the erection of a building is treated as controlled building work – to which the building regulations must be applied and for which a notice must be given to the local authority before the work begins.

However, building regulation 9 allows some exceptions. These exceptions – or exemptions – can be found in Schedule 2 of the regulations.

The circumstances that permit three types of small, detached buildings to be exempt from the building regulations can be found in Class 6 of the Schedule (one of these is an air-raid shelter!). 

This article focuses only on the following Classes of exempt small, detached buildings:

  • Those with a floor area not exceeding 30m2; and
  • Those with a floor area not exceeding 15m2

To be exempt from the regulations they must have the features listed below and they must not contain any sleeping accommodation (no beds in sheds).

Small, detached buildings less than or equal to 30m2

These must be single storey – a roof mezzanine or loft floor would not be permitted, and:

  • The internal floor area must not be greater than 30m2 (for example 3m x 10m, or 5m x 6m), and
  • The building must be constructed substantially of non-combustible material unless it is 1m or more away from any boundary.

These types of buildings are typically used as garages, workshops, home offices, garden rooms, saunas, solariums, indoor pools.

The boundary measurement rule is important as features such as fascias, soffits, guttering, rainwater pipes - anything that is part of and protrudes from the building - can be counted as being a point from which the closeness to the boundary can be measured. If any part of the building is between 0m to 0.999m then the materials that can be used for construction must be controlled.

In the case of a building closer than 1m to the boundary – to retain the exemption status – materials must be, in the main, non-combustible. That means they should be, for example, walls of brick, block, concrete panel, steel frame with metal cladding etc, and roofs of slate, clay or concrete tiles, or metal cladding.

If the building is 1m or more away from the boundary there are no restrictions on the type of materials that can be used.

Small, detached buildings less than or equal to 15m2

These are not limited to being single storey.

  • The internal floor area must not be more than 15m2 (for example 3m x 5m, or 2-storeys of 7.5m2 each).
  • There are no restrictions in relation to the closeness to the boundary, or the type of materials that must be used.

These smaller buildings can be constructed anywhere within the boundaries of the site (in the garden of a house, for example) and can be constructed from any material – for example it can be a wooden shed, gazebo, sauna, log-cabin, or fabric tent, or plastic playhouse etc.

It's important to know that the 'floor area' of the building means the aggregate area of every floor in the building, calculated by reference to the finished internal faces of the walls enclosing the area, or if at any point where there is no wall, by reference to the outermost edge of the floor. For example, in the case of a garage, if part of one wall is made up of a garage door, the measurement would be to the outside edge of the floor slab.

If the physical features or use do not fit with the rules for exempt status, this does not mean that the building can't be built, it just means that the work is controlled and must be notified to the council under the building regulations, and that a Full Plans or Building Notice application must be made, and the work must be inspected. (Visit the LABC Front Door website for information on how to apply for building regulations approval.) 

Queries can also be discussed with your local authority building control team before you make an application - you can find their direct contact details using the LABC postcode search above.

If the detached building can be treated as exempt then other features can be classed as being exempt too – such as the provision of any toilets, showers, boilers or wood-burning stoves etc. inside the building, so long as these features do not materially change the status of the exemption.

To clarify how this work is controlled:

  • The installation of any electrics where the electricity is from a source shared with or located inside a dwelling, in which case the installation must comply with Part P of the regulations and is notifiable work through a competent persons scheme. 
  • The installation of cold or hot water supplies from a source shared with or located inside any building other than a building or extension of a kind also described in Schedule 2, in which case the work must comply with Parts G1 – Cold water supplies and G3(2) & (3) Hot water storage systems of the building regulations -  and is notifiable work.
  • The extension of any existing drainage system to serve the exempt detached building, in which case the extended drainage must comply with Parts H1 – Foul drains; H2 – Wastewater treatment and cesspools; H3 – Rainwater drainage, where applicable however the drainage is part of the exemption and so doesn't have to be notified to the local authority.
  • Whether a building can be treated as fully exempt from the building regulations or not, there are other matters that must also be considered and/or addressed before any work begins.
  • Will the building require planning permission? (External link to the LABC Front Door website for further information.)
  • Will a building over agreement (BOA) be required from the sewer authority – in the case of the building being constructed on or close to a public sewer?
  • Will permission be required from the gas, electricity, or water authorities for building over or close to any pipes or cables?

Ignoring the above, regardless of building regulations, could result in a fine and/or the building being removed. Similarly, exemption from building regulations does not mean that the building should be unsafe and advice from a qualified and competent construction professional should always be obtained before embarking on such a project, to ensure the building is both safe and compliant. (Read the Front Door advice on choosing and working with a builder.)

Finally, where an existing exempt building is added to, by an extension, and the floor area increases to a point that the building is no longer exempt, this would be treated as a material change of use and the building regulations would apply to both the extended part and the existing building, and the work would be controlled and notifiable.

Further information

Building Regulations Part H (England): Drainage and Waste Disposal

Building Regulations Part H (Wales): Drainage and Waste Disposal

 

 

Please Note: Every care was taken to ensure the information was correct at the time of publication. Any written guidance provided does not replace the user’s professional judgement. It is the responsibility of the dutyholder or person carrying out the work to ensure compliance with relevant building regulations or applicable technical standards.

Comments

LABC response

Submitted 3 mis ago

Hi,

Thank you for your recent enquiry, from the information you have provided it appears that the shed would be exempt from building regulations as it is less than 30m2 in floor area and more than 1m from any boundary . I would also clarify that LABC is a member organisation and can therefore only provide general advice. The LA where you live can provide project specific advice.

Best,
LABC team

15 m2 to 30 m2 none sleeping garden office.

Submitted 2 mis ago

Please would you advise me of the height restrictions for permitted development when the garden has a downwards slope? A 10ft deep garden room would add an additional 30cm height to the front of building due to the base level. A 15ft room would need approximately 40-50cm to level the ground. The slope makes it impossible to comply with a height of under 2.5m if measurements are taken from the ground at the front of the building.

LABC response

Submitted 2 mis ago

Hi,

Thank you for your recent enquiry. LABC and our members in Local authority specifically deal with Building Regulations which are in place to ensure that any building work (new buildings, extensions, or refurbishment) is carried out to a reasonable and safe standard. These regulations do not consider the height of a detached building , other than it should be single storey. Therefore, you should contact your LA planning teams for advice on permitted development on any specific project as this considers the visual impact of any work.

Best,
LABC team

Areas and proximities

Submitted 1 mis ago

My son is planning an outbuilding for a home gym. I would like to clarify a few points, please.
1. If the area were greater than 30m2 (eg 8x4 - 32m2), what are the regulations? Does that mean planning permission will be required? Note that this is less than 10% of the overall garden area and not near the house. If necessary he can re-plan it to be less than 30m2, but ideally would like to be just over that.
2. Is it ok if its sidewall is less than 1m from the boundary fence? The wall will be mode of concrete blocks. The fence separates us from a back alley, not any neighbours property.
3. Can you also tell me where I can find a copy of the national regulations?
Many thanks.

LABC response

Submitted 1 mis ago

Hi,

Thank you for your recent web enquiry regarding building regulations approval for an outbuilding in the garden of a house.

LABC is a membership organisation, providing advice and support to its member local authorities around England and Wales. As a result, LABC cannot comment on the application and enforcement of the Building Regulations on individual cases, as this is a matter for the local authority – being the enforcing authority for building regulations.

We would direct you to the Regulation 9 (exempt buildings and work - https://www.legislation.gov.uk/uksi/2010/2214/regulation/9), Regulation 21 (application of energy efficiency requirements - https://www.legislation.gov.uk/uksi/2010/2214/regulation/21), and to Schedule 2, Class 6 (small detached buildings - https://www.legislation.gov.uk/uksi/2010/2214/schedule/2/part/6) of the Building Regulations 2010 (https://www.legislation.gov.uk/uksi/2010/2214/contents) as amended.

Boundaries for the purposes of the location of a small, detached building are those of the curtilage of the property for example the garden fence or wall and not boundaries to the centreline of a street, path, highway or similar.

We recommend that you discuss the proposed project with your local authority building control team, who will be able to assist you in more detail. The guidance for compliance with the Building Regulations, should the building be considered to be controlled can be found here for England (https://www.gov.uk/government/collections/approved-documents)and here for Wales (https://gov.wales/building-regulations-approved-documents).

Building Regulations should not be confused with planning permission, and checks should be made with the local authority planning department as to whether a householder planning application will be required for the new structure.

Best,
LABC team

Detached garage

Submitted 1 wythnos 1 wythnos ago

It looks confusing about what area counts in 30 SQM? How it is calculated?
Outer Wall to outer wall ?
or inside room size only
or it counts all the width up to the gutters and fascias exposed too?

LABC response

Submitted 1 diwrnod ago

Hi,

Thank you for your recent question relating to this article.

The article (under the sub-heading: Small, detached buildings less than or equal to 15m2) highlights the rules for measuring the floor area of a building and we have added the words here for ease of reference and highlighted those that answer your particular question –

It's important to know that the 'floor area' of the building means the aggregate area of every floor in the building, calculated by reference to the finished internal faces of the walls enclosing the area, or if at any point where there is no wall, by reference to the outermost edge of the floor. For example, in the case of a garage, if part of one wall is made up of a garage door, the measurement would be to the outside edge of the floor slab.

We hope this is of some assistance to you, but if you remain in doubt, we recommend that you discuss this with your designer or somebody in your local council's building control team.

Best,
LABC team

Ychwanegu sylw newydd

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